Experts are urging residents to get vaccinated.
The Murrumbidgee Local Health District is warning people to get vaccinated and take other steps to guard against Q fever, with drought and high winds potentially increasing the risk of the disease spreading.
In 2018, there were 15 confirmed cases of the disease in the MLHD area. This year has already seen three in the region.
Director of Public Health Tracey Oakman said while this is not an alarming number, those working around livestock should not be complacent.
"It is a serious bacterial infection," she said.
"It's not just a risk to farmers and people who deal with livestock, but it is mostly high-risk for them."
Ms Oakman said vets, shearers, and families of those working on properties can also be at risk.
"Q fever is a serious bacterial infection caused by inhaling dust particles contaminated by infected animal secretions," she said.
"The infection is carried by cattle, goats, sheep and other domesticated and wild animals, so people who work on the land are most at risk."
"However, the bacteria can easily be carried on farm tools or work clothes and brought into the family home."